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Oligospermia – low semen count


What is Oligospermia?

Oligospermia is a condition where in there is scanty of sperm in the semen leading to infertility. It is diagnosed when a man falls under sperm count less than 15 million sperm per ml. Due to the wavering sperm count at various events the diagnosis of oligospermia can be made certain only after number of interim tests. There are various treatments available as a resolution for this problem. This condition can be a temporary problem or a permanent one.

What causes oligospermia?

Oligospermia is caused due to various factors it can be due to ones’ health condition, hormonal imbalance, or due to problems related to the reproductive organs. Factors relating to bad health conditions such as substance abuse, alcohol dependency, smoking history, steroid intake (androgens) and stressed lifestyle can lead to oligospermia; whereas other factors such as rigorous activities like bicycling and horseback riding can also diminish the sperm count gradually.

Most often we overlook the side effects of medications, not knowing that some medicines can actually lead to scanty of sperm count. Hormonal imbalance such as hypogonadism is a condition where in the reproductive glands produce fewer or no hormones, in males this takes place in the testes. This condition can develop in a male from infancy or at a later stage in life. Sometimes an injury during a surgery can also lead to oligospermia. Exposure to toxins, chemicals, radiation therapy, STDs, age and also congenital abnormalities also lead to this condition.

Apart from all these factors there are other set of factors related to testes producing semen of poor quality due to: age, defects of the Y chromosome, microdeletions, chromosomes abnormalities, Klinefelter syndrome, seminoma, inflammation, varicocele, hydrocele, obstruction in the ejaculatory duct, obstruction in the vas deferens, malaria, trauma to the reproductive organs, mumps and USP26 defect. Idiopathic causes (unexplained causes) due to various other factors can also be the factor for such a condition. You will find that there are many such factors causing oligospermia. Consultation with a doctor can give you an appropriate diagnosis of the root cause.

What to do?

Oligospermia is the most common type of infertility factor in a male. Almost 30% of infertility issues among couples are related due to male infertility. Treatments can include medical or surgical interventions based on the diagnosis. While for oligospermia caused due to infections can be treated by antibiotics; oligospermia caused due to obstruction in the organs such as hydrocele and varicocele can be treated through surgical intervention. Empirical administration of medications for certain cases can also resolve this condition. Many such treatments can be adopted based on the diagnosis and doctor’s recommendation to improve the sperm quality and improve the sperm count. It is essential to seek a good doctor’s consultation for a proper diagnosis and treatment protocol.

What not to do….

Today there are number of ways to find a self-remedy to any medical problem without consulting doctor. Many seek internet for their solace. Oligospermia being a common problem has lots of remedies published on net and other means of media. The complexity of such condition and the diagnosis depends only on an individual and treatments vary from individual to individual. Unless a thorough examination is made by the physician on the patient the cause of this condition is not known. As mentioned above there are variety of factors causing this condition and is not limited to any one factor all alone. Self medication without knowing what the exact cause of oligospermia is can lead to another set of medical problems altogether. Being aware is a good attitude, but going a step ahead and dealing with medications without any physician’s expertise can cause serious problems eventually.

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